Weather in January in Canada

Many people wonder what the weather conditions are in January in Canada. Is this month a good time to go to Canada? To answer that question we created this page with all the information you need.

What is the weather like in Canada in January?

The weather in Canada in January is in general poor. January is a winter month in Canada.

January has maximum daytime temperatures ranging from very cold in Alert with -28°C (-18°F) to cold temperatures in Ucluelet with 9°C (47°F). Nighttime temperatures generally drop to 3°C (37°F) in Ucluelet and -35°C (-31°F) in Alert. It is one of the coldest months of the year, so be prepared and make sure to dress up warm.

Precipitation ranges from low in Komakuk Beach with 5mm (0.2inch) snow/rainfall to heavy in Ucluelet with 504mm (20inch) rainfall. In general it is also a dark month with an average of 85 hours of sunshine in Toronto during the whole month.

Where to go in Canada in January

Find the average weather conditions in January for the most popular destinations in Canada on the map below. Click on a destination dot for more detailed information.

Legend perfect weather pleasant tolerable unpleasant poor
Perfect weather is subjective. On this map perfect weather has been defined with temperatures between 20-29ºC / 68-84ºF and not too much precipitation (less than 90mm / 3.5inch a month).

Popular destinations in Canada

What is the weather like in January for the 5 most popular destinations in Canada?

Average weather in Toronto

In January Toronto generally has very cold temperatures with maximum daytime temperatures around -1°C (31°F), minimum nighttime temperatures around -7°C (19°F) and moderate monthly snow/rainfall. So on average the conditions are poor that month.

Toronto
Max temperature Max temp
Min temperature Min temp
Monthly sun hours Sun hours
Monthly snow/rainfall Snow/rainfall
Monthly rainy days Rainy days
Weather conditions Weather
2°C / 36°F 
-3°C / 27°F 
78 hours 
62mm / 2.4inch 
13 days 
poor 
-1°C / 31°F 
-7°C / 19°F 
85 hours 
61mm / 2.4inch 
15 days 
poor 
1°C / 33°F 
-6°C / 22°F 
111 hours 
55mm / 2.2inch 
12 days 
poor 
Climate in Toronto

Average weather in Montréal

In January Montréal generally has very cold temperatures with maximum daytime temperatures around -5°C (23°F), minimum nighttime temperatures around -14°C (7°F) and moderate monthly snow/rainfall. So on average the conditions are poor that month.

Montréal
Max temperature Max temp
Min temperature Min temp
Monthly sun hours Sun hours
Monthly snow/rainfall Snow/rainfall
Monthly rainy days Rainy days
Weather conditions Weather
-2°C / 29°F 
-9°C / 16°F 
80 hours 
85mm / 3.3inch 
16 days 
poor 
-5°C / 23°F 
-14°C / 7°F 
99 hours 
73mm / 2.9inch 
16 days 
poor 
-3°C / 27°F 
-12°C / 10°F 
128 hours 
63mm / 2.5inch 
13 days 
poor 
Climate in Montréal

Average weather in Quebec City

In January Quebec City generally has very cold temperatures with maximum daytime temperatures around -8°C (18°F), minimum nighttime temperatures around -18°C (0°F) and moderate monthly snow/rainfall. So on average the conditions are poor that month.

Quebec City
Max temperature Max temp
Min temperature Min temp
Monthly sun hours Sun hours
Monthly snow/rainfall Snow/rainfall
Monthly rainy days Rainy days
Weather conditions Weather
-4°C / 25°F 
-13°C / 9°F 
83 hours 
99mm / 3.9inch 
19 days 
poor 
-8°C / 18°F 
-18°C / 0°F 
98 hours 
86mm / 3.4inch 
17 days 
poor 
-6°C / 22°F 
-16°C / 4°F 
120 hours 
74mm / 2.9inch 
14 days 
poor 
Climate in Quebec City

Average weather in Vancouver

In January Vancouver generally has cold temperatures with maximum daytime temperatures around 7°C (45°F), minimum nighttime temperatures around 1°C (35°F) and heavy monthly rainfall. So on average the conditions are poor that month.

Vancouver
Max temperature Max temp
Min temperature Min temp
Monthly sun hours Sun hours
Monthly rainfall Rainfall
Monthly rainy days Rainy days
Weather conditions Weather
6°C / 43°F 
1°C / 33°F 
56 hours 
160mm / 6.3inch 
20 days 
poor 
7°C / 45°F 
1°C / 35°F 
60 hours 
171mm / 6.7inch 
20 days 
poor 
8°C / 46°F 
2°C / 36°F 
91 hours 
102mm / 4inch 
15 days 
poor 
Climate in Vancouver

Average weather in Ottawa

In January Ottawa generally has very cold temperatures with maximum daytime temperatures around -6°C (22°F), minimum nighttime temperatures around -14°C (7°F) and moderate monthly snow/rainfall. So on average the conditions are poor that month.

Ottawa
Max temperature Max temp
Min temperature Min temp
Monthly sun hours Sun hours
Monthly snow/rainfall Snow/rainfall
Monthly rainy days Rainy days
Weather conditions Weather
-2°C / 28°F 
-9°C / 16°F 
83 hours 
68mm / 2.7inch 
16 days 
poor 
-6°C / 22°F 
-14°C / 7°F 
98 hours 
64mm / 2.5inch 
16 days 
poor 
-3°C / 27°F 
-12°C / 10°F 
132 hours 
48mm / 1.9inch 
12 days 
poor 
Climate in Ottawa

Is your destination not in the list? Have a look at other destinations in Canada.

Is January the best time to go to Canada?

In our opinion January is not the best time to visit Canada with commonly poor weather in Toronto.

On average the best time to visit Canada is in June, July, August and September with generally perfect weather in Toronto. The worst months are January, February, March, November and December that can have poor weather conditions.

Interested in more climate information?

We have much more information about the climate in Canada. Interested in the weather conditions in a specific month? Select the month below.

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  • Weather and climate has detailed information for almost all countries in the world. Are you going to Canada? Get detailed historical weather averages for many cities in Canada.

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