Climate and Average Weather in Mongolia

Mongolia has an extreme continental climate. The Gobi desert in southern Mongolia can reach 40 degrees Celsius (104°Fahrenheit) in summer and falls to minus 40 degrees Celsius (-40°Fahrenheit) in winter. The winter period is long with cold temperatures, summer is hot but short. Winter lasts from November to late April, Spring May through June. Summer is from July through to September.

The long subarctic winter in Mongolia is not a very pleasant travel period. By the time it gets summer, the snow in the Gobi desert is replaced by sandstorms. The best time to visit Mongolia is from June to August. However keep in mind that this is the period when the chance of precipitation is the highest.

In Mongolia there are 250 sunny days a year, often with clear cloudless skies. Precipitation is sparse in Mongolia, averaging only 378 mm (14.9 in) for the entire year at Ulaanbaatar. January and February are almost free of precipitation. April and May bring an increase in rainfall, and the capital receives its greatest average monthly precipitation in July and August with 161 mm (6.3 in).

Interested in more detailed Weather and Climate information?
Please select the city below you wish to travel to, or the one closest to your destination. Each selected city will show you the following graphs:
1. Average minimum and maximum temperature over the year
2. Average monthly precipitation over the year (rainfall, snow)
3. Average monthly hours of sunshine over the year
On certain pages we also offer other historical weather data like humidity, wind speed and water temperature.

Places in Mongolia

Select a city to see its average temperature, precipitation and hours of sunshine over the year.