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Climate and Average Weather in Mongolia

Mongolia has an extreme continental climate. The Gobi desert in southern Mongolia can reach 40°C in summer and falls to -40°C in winter. The winter period is long with cold temperatures, summer is hot but short. Winter lasts from November to late April, Spring May through June. Summer is from July through to September.

The long subarctic winter in Mongolia is not a very pleasant travel period. By the time it gets summer, the snow in the Gobi desert is replaced by sandstorms. The best time to visit Mongolia is from June to August. However keep in mind that this is the period when the chance of precipitation is the highest.

In Mongolia there are 250 sunny days a year, often with clear cloudless skies. Precipitation is sparse in Mongolia, averaging only 378 mm for the entire year at Ulaanbaatar. January and February are almost free of precipitation. April and May bring an increase in rainfall, and the capital receives its greatest average monthly precipitation in July and August with 161 mm.

Are you interested in more detailed information for various cities in Mongolia?
Please select the city you plan to visit, or one closest to your destination. For each selected city, you will see the following graphs:
1. Yearly average minimum and maximum temperatures
2. Monthly averages of precipitation throughout the year (rainfall, snow etc)
3. Monthly average hours of sunshine throughout the year

Additionally, some pages provide historical weather data such as humidity, wind speed, and water temperature.

Places in Mongolia

Select a city to see its average temperature, precipitation and hours of sunshine over the year.

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