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Climate and Weather of Turkey

Due to Turkey's diverse geographical conditions, it's not possible to describe a single and overall climate.

In Istanbul and around the Sea of Marmara, the climate is a mix between a Mediterranean and a humid subtropical climate. This is often termed as a "Mediterranean-Oceanic" or "Mediterranean-Subtropical" transitional climate. Winters (December to March) are mild and wet with cool average temperatures around 4°C. June to September are warm and humid summer months, with temperatures averaging 27°C.

Western Turkey and the southern coast experience a mild Mediterranean climate. Winter temperatures average at a maximum of 9°C, while summer temperatures can reach up to 30°C or even higher.

The Anatolian Plateau is characterized by a steppe climate, with significant temperature differences between day and night. Rainfall is rare, and snow occurs during winter from November through to the end of April. In this region summer temperatures average 23°C. Winter temperatures drop to a cold average of -2°C.

The Black Sea region of Turkey has its own distinct climate (temperate oceanic climate) compared to other parts of the country. This is primarily because of its proximity to the Black Sea. As a result you get milder temperatures year-round and a consistent humidity, making it Turkey's wettest region. The green landscape of this area receives rain throughout the year, supporting lush rain forests in places like Yedigöller National Park and the areas around Rize and Artvin.

When is the best time to visit Turkey?
Turkey can be visited all year round, depending on your preferences. Although the tourist "high season" (along with its higher rates) is from mid-June to mid-September, it might not necessarily be the best time for everyone. Check out the video below to learn more about when to visit Turkey.

Are you interested in more detailed information for various cities in Turkey?
Please select the city you plan to visit, or one closest to your destination. For each selected city, you will see the following graphs:
1. Yearly average minimum and maximum temperatures
2. Monthly averages of precipitation throughout the year (rainfall, snow etc)
3. Monthly average hours of sunshine throughout the year

Additionally, some pages provide historical weather data such as humidity, wind speed, and water temperature.

Popular places in Turkey

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