Climate and Average Weather in Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia has a warm dry desert climate with very high temperatures in most of the country. Temperatures in Saudi Arabia however are different in each region. Extremely high temperatures are measured in the whole country during summer, both during the day and locally also at night. Think of maximum temperatures that average between 40 and 46 degrees Celsius (104 - 114°F) in June, July and August. Even at night it is still very hot with minima that are somewhere around 30°C (86°F). However the south has more moderate temperatures, which can go as low as 10 degrees Celsius (50°F) during summer at night. In winter the temperatures are moderate in general, but turning cold at night sometimes descending below freezing.

Most of Saudi Arabia is dry, for example only 111.0 mm (4.37 in) of rainfall is recorded annually in Mecca. The low-lying desert areas and the coastal regions are even more dry. If it is already raining, this happens mainly in the winter months. The Asir Mountains are clearly wetter than the rest of the country. Here precipitation amounts are measured that are up to 500 millimeters (19.6 inches) per year at the highest places. Locally, the warm desert climate in this area turns into a warm steppe climate.

Sandstorms can occur on the desert plains and are pretty normal, especially during spring and early summer months. Every year, Saudi Arabia is hit by sandstorms about 12 to 30 times, with the chance in the east being higher than in the rest of the country.

The best time to visit Saudi Arabia is from November to March. It is then warm, quite dry and sunny. In the northern areas it can be a bit fresher. We would recommend visiting this area in November or March.

Interested in more detailed Weather and Climate information?
Please select the city below you wish to travel to, or the one closest to your destination. Each selected city will show you the following graphs:
1. Average minimum and maximum temperature over the year
2. Average monthly precipitation over the year (rainfall, snow)
3. Average monthly hours of sunshine over the year
On certain pages we also offer other historical weather data like humidity, wind speed and water temperature.

Popular places in Saudi Arabia

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Regions in Saudi Arabia