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Climate and Average Weather in Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan has a combination of different climates. The southern part has a cold desert climate which slowly turns into a warm steppe climate. The northern part of Kazakhstan has to do with different types of continental climates. Typical for almost all of Kazakhstan is the small amount of precipitation which is recorder per year. Most areas have to do it with only 100 mm to 200 mm of rainfall on average per year. In the central-southern part this is even below 100 mm per year. The mountain areas in the east are a lot wetter.

Winters in Kazakhstan are cool to sometimes very cold. In the southernmost part of Kazakhstan, temperatures in January are between -2°C and -10°C. If you go further north, the average temperatures drop rapidly. Northern Kazakhstan and Eastern Kazakhstan are freezing in winter. With average temperatures between -15°C and -20°C. During the night the temperature can even drop to -30°C to as low as -40°C.

Summer starts in Kazakhstan at the end of May or mid-June. Summers are warm with the hottest month being July (August in mountain regions). In summer the temperatures average is more than 30°C. However seasonal temperatures vary depending on which region. The best time to visit Kazakhstan is in spring (April to June) or in autumn (September to October) when temperatures are mild and pleasant.

Are you interested in more detailed information for various cities in Kazakhstan?
Please select the city you plan to visit, or one closest to your destination. For each selected city, you will see the following graphs:
1. Yearly average minimum and maximum temperatures
2. Monthly averages of precipitation throughout the year (rainfall, snow etc)
3. Monthly average hours of sunshine throughout the year

Additionally, some pages provide historical weather data such as humidity, wind speed, and water temperature.

Popular places in Kazakhstan

Select a city to see its average temperature, precipitation and hours of sunshine over the year.

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