Climate and Average Weather in Tajikistan

Tajikistan is a landlocked and mountainous country in Central Asia. Most of Tajikistan's land is elevated at higher altitudes than most parts of the world, typically ranging from 305 metres (1,000 feet) to 7,620 metres (25,000 feet). Tajikistan is home to the Imeni Ismail Samani Peak, one of the tallest peaks in the world at 7,495 metres (24,590 feet) where temperatures are the coldest in all of Tajikistan.

Because of Tajikistan's geography, the climate changes according to elevation. Mountainous regions in Tajikistan experience a continental climate, while some lowland areas experience a subtropical climate. There is even a semiarid climate in some desert areas where the country gets its highest average temperatures in a year and are closely similar to Tajikistan's subtropical southwestern lowlands.

On average, January is the coldest month of the year, while July is the warmest. January brings average daytime temperatures ranging from very low at -1°C (30°F) in Khorugh to cold temperatures of 9°C (48°F) in Dushanbe, while temperatures at night average from -1°C (30°F) in Dushanbe and -11°C (12°F) in Khorugh. Meanwhile, the subtropical lowlands in July get very warm average maximum daytime temperatures from 30°C (86°F) in Khorugh to 37°C (98°F) in Dushanbe, and nighttime temperatures average at around 19°C (66°F) in Dusanbe and 15°C (59°F) in Khorugh.

In terms of rainfall, the average annual precipitation for most of the republic ranges between 700 and 1,600 millimetres (27,5 - 62,9 inches). Most precipitation occurs during winter and spring with April being the wettest month while September being the driest. Average precipitation in April is moderate from 31mm (1.2inch) in Khujand to high at 115mm (4.5inch) in Dushanbe. On the other hand, there is almost no precipitation in September as the average rainfall is from 1mm (0inch) in Khorugh rainfall to low precipitation of 5mm (0.2inch) in Dushanbe.

Does the Sun get hot in Tajikistan?
The Sun does get hot in Tajikistan, especially in the country's semi-arid and subtropical lowland regions. The Pamir alpine desert and tundra is a known area in Tajikistan characterised by this climate.

In particular, Tajikistan gets the most hours of sunshine during June at 358 hours in Khujand alone, while average daytime temperatures in July can range from 30°C (86°F) in Khorugh to 37°C (98°F) in Dushanbe.

Are there any beaches in Tajikistan?
Because Tajikistan is technically landlocked, the country does not have its own coastline directly linked to any sea or ocean. Despite having no beaches, Tajikistan is home to many freshwater lakes in Central Asia.

Travellers can unwind in Tajikistan's most visited lake, the Iskanderkul Lake, in the province of Sughd near the capital Dushanbe. It is said that the historical figure Alexander the Great himself used the lake as a part of his route to Central Asia. Since Iskanderkul Lake is elevated at 2,195 metres (7,201 feet), expect temperatures to be colder than average at any time of the year.

When is the best time to go to Tajikistan?
The best time to go to Tajikistan is during the summer months of the country from June to October. There is less likelihood of rainfall during this period considering that September is the driest month of the year.

Tajikistan experiences avalanches, mudflows, landslides, floods, and earthquakes to a lesser extent due to its mountainous terrain. All of these typically happen during the winter season from December to February. For this reason, we do not suggest visiting Tajikistan during these months.

Interested in more detailed Weather and Climate information?
Please select the city below you wish to travel to, or the one closest to your destination. Each selected city will show you the following graphs:
1. Average minimum and maximum temperature over the year
2. Average monthly precipitation over the year (rainfall, snow)
3. Average monthly hours of sunshine over the year
On certain pages we also offer other historical weather data like humidity, wind speed and water temperature.

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